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The Supreme Court is the highest federal court in the United States and is the head of the judicial branch. It’s made up of one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. Appointments to the Supreme Court are made for life, so when the President nominates justices and the Senate approves them, it’s a really big deal. The Appellate Courts
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Sep 01, 2020 · This issue brief answers key questions about California v. Texas (known as Texas v. US in the lower courts), the case challenging the Affordable Care Act to be heard by the Supreme Court.
1. Federal district courts are the trial courts of the federal court system. True. False. 2. When a court decides a new question or problem, the decision is called a stare decisis. True. False. 3. Those uniform state laws that have been adopted by individual states were first written by Congress. True. False. 4. Oct 21, 2020 · Though Congress lacks the power to overrule a Supreme Court decision interpreting the Constitution, Congress may amend a federal statute if it disagrees with the Court’s reading of that statute.
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While Congress cannot override a court ruling, it does have some power to check the court by passing new laws or proposing amendments that would alter the effect of the original ruling.
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The Congress meets at least once a year and has been doing so since 1789 in the following locations: from March 4, 1789, through August 12, 1790, in Federal Hall, New York, New York; from December 6, 1790, through December 2, 1799, in Congress Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and from November 17, 1800, at the Capitol, in Washington, D.C. It’s important to recognize that state court opinions don’t generally bind federal courts, and vice versa. This makes sense. For the most part, federal courts are dealing with federal law issues, and state courts are dealing with issues related to state laws. So neither judicial system tells the other how to interpret its own laws.
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The Court does not give advisory opinions; rather, its function is limited only to deciding specific cases. The Justices must exercise considerable discretion in deciding which cases to hear, since approximately 7,000-8,000 civil and criminal cases are filed in the Supreme Court each year from the various state and federal courts. It does not mean McGirt’s conviction is nullified, rather he should have been tried in federal court under the Major Crimes Act. He is serving a 500-year prison sentence and could potentially be ...
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Nov 26, 2020 · OTTAWA — The Federal Court has punted consideration of airfare refunds, which customers say they are owed following hundreds of thousands of cancelled flights, to provincial courts.Justice Michael Manson says in a decision today that a proposed class-action lawsuit seeking certification is outside the Federal Court's jurisdiction, even though air travel is a federal area of responsibility ...
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Thus, the District Court was filling the role of both a local and federal court. Seeking to improve the performance of the court system, Congress, in Title I of the Reorganization Act, invested the local courts with jurisdiction equivalent to that exercised by state courts. S.Rep. No. 91-405, pp. 2-3; H.R.Rep. No. 91-907, pp. 23-24. Sep 11, 2014 · A federal judge struck down Ohio's campaign truth squad Thursday, issuing a significant First Amendment decision that pushes the state out of the business of trying to referee "political truth" in ...
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The federal government also is battling Illinois over E-Verify, filing suit (pdf) in a federal court seeking to block a new Illinois law that prohibits employers from using the system until the federal databases it uses can be certified as 99 percent accurate.
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Nov 13, 2009 · The decision announced today that five of the alleged 9/11 planners will be tried in federal court in New York City has already created great debate in legal and policy circles around the world. Without question, the administration inherited the unenviable task of how best to close Guantanamo Bay detention facility while still bringing the ...
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By direction of the Judicial Conference of the United States, pursuant to the authority conferred by 28 U.S.C. § 331, I transmit herewith for consideration of the Court a proposed amendment to Rule 30(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, which was approved by the Judicial Conference at its September 2019 session. False. The Supreme Court does not have a jury. True. There are three levels of federal courts in the Judicial Branch. True. By law, the Supreme Court has to hear every case that comes to them. False. ... The federal court system was created by Congress. True. State court systems were created by the Constitution of the United States.
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“(3) R ELIANCE.—A no-action letter issued under paragraph (1) shall not bind FinCEN or any Federal functional regulator if the person making the inquiry provided incomplete, misleading or false information, if subsequent changes are made to relevant statutes, regulations, or guidance, or if a penalty was assessed or enforcement action taken ... The U.S. Supreme Court will hear arguments in the fall on whether federal law prohibits employers from discriminating based on sexual orientation and gender identity—and Congress is considering ...
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The tax was repealed ten years later. However, in 1894 Congress enacted a flat rate Federal income tax, which was ruled unconstitutional the following year by the U.S. Supreme Court because it was a direct tax not apportioned according to the population of each state. Aug 30, 2011 · The “executive Power” is merely the power to put into effect – to implement – those Acts of Congress which are within Congress’ enumerated powers. Thus, if Congress establishes “an uniform Rule of Naturalization” (as authorized by Art. I, Sec. 8, cl. 4), it is the President’s duty to implement and enforce the law Congress makes ...
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The Constitution elaborated neither the exact powers and prerogatives of the Supreme Court nor the organization of the Judicial Branch as a whole. Thus, it was left to Congress and to the Justices of the Court through their decisions to develop the Federal Judiciary and a body of Federal law. The establishment of a Federal Judiciary was a high priority for the new government, and the first bill introduced in the United States Senate became the Judiciary Act of 1789.
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This implied that the Court would tolerate "reasonable restraints," and monopolistic-like business entities continued to grow. Congress passed further antitrust legislation with the Clayton Act in 1914, which outlawed unfair methods of competition. The act created the Federal Trade Commission to enforce this legislation. Business eventually ...